17/18 Moo 1, Koh Tao Suratthani, 84360 Thailand         Info @ Big Blue Conservation        +66 (0) 077 456 179

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Koh Tao Waves goodbye to plastic.

Since its existence plastic has had mixed reactions, whether it be a lifesaving discovery or a burden on our environment.

The first ever plastic based synthetic Bakelite was created by Leo Hendrik Baekeland in 1907, made from phenol and formaldehyde.  However the discovery of materials such as plastics, were being used from as early as 1839 by Charles Goodyear who used rubber from the rubber tree, and also an apothecary from Berlin by the name of Edward Simon discovered polystyrene.

From using rubber the first ever plastics were made using very natural materials like Alexander Parkes who demonstrated during an exhibition in 1862 that Parkesine an organic material from cellulose could be heated and then hold its shape. Add then alcoholised camphor, in 1868 John Wesly Hyatt was able to make billiard balls without using ivory.

As the science progressed so did the plastics, its durability and strength was something that could be used for many applications. Despite starting its life constructed from natural sources, the advances in science meant the creation of unnatural manmade substances like the famous PVC polyvinyl chloride CH2=CHCLTypes of plastic symbols Credits iStock Thinkstockcom ID 25726818

By the 1960’s the popularity of plastics had increased, and by 1985 you could find plastic bags in over 75% of supermarkets instead of paper. Due to the lower manufactory costs, of making a plastic bag as opposed to a paper one.plastic bottles 500x281

So where do we stand now, on the brink of a plastic legacy. Most plastics would take from 450 to over a thousand years to decompose, due to their strong chemical structure.  And so with this knowledge many would try to eliminate the plastic waste by burning, and with such a low melting point the chemicals used in their creation would then be released in to the atmosphere. Poisoning entire communities, and having drastic effects on their health.

Burning PVC Plastic releases Dioxins, that are considered a carcinogenic, and hormone disruptor. A primary cause of Cancerous diseases, which give people the symptoms of cyanide poisoning.  Headaches, weakness, nausea, and shortness of breath.

So going back to the title of this piece I bring us back to the small island of Koh Tao in the southern gulf of Thailand. Approximately only 5km in length with a population of little over 1,500, it has a vibrant community of locals and tourists.

On a small island plastic pollution can be a big problem, efforts to recycle have fallen short and the local garbage site can be seen increasing daily due to throw away plastic. As an Asian culture that has a very much laid back easy lifestyle. The introduction of plastic came with a flourish and replaced a lot of very natural based materials. For example instead of wrapping in plastic, banana leaf was an easily accessible material that could be used to wrap almost everything.  Instead of a plastic cup, cups were made from bamboo shoots, something found abundantly across Thailand.straws 500x281

Before long the impact of single use plastic was seen across the island, the local bars would give a customer 5 plastic straw with every cocktail bucket. These plastic straws then fall from over flowed bins, on to the local beaches, then consumed by the ocean to spend their life at sea. Or end up consumed by marine life, which will then have a severe effect on their health.

So with a community in crisis, despite their frequent clean up attempts. Action needed to be taken, and so as a joint effort by local and Foreign residents. Solutions came forward, if we could not eliminate the objects made of plastic. Then we would find alternatives, so that those objects were no longer made from plastic.

Straws made from metal, paper or bamboo can now be seen at many of the bars and restaurant, many bars and residents now buy water that is refilled in glass or metal bottles, and finally the many shops that no longer give customers a plastic bag free, encouraging them to bring a long a reusable shopping bag.Straw alternarives 500x281

Although this is still far from a plastic free utopia, it can be seen as a start to change for the better. With some of the cleanest beaches in Asia, this small islands community has certainly made a great attempt at getting clean.  

 So as conclusion whether burned or left to decompose plastic is poisoning our planet, and so like our predecessors were named for their greatest discovery, like the stone or bronze age. This era of man could come to be known as the plastic age, and could well be the only thing left as our legacy.   It will be down to us to change, and from the success of this small island. It can be seen that it can work.

Thank you for reading

Rachel Linartssairee beach 1

Conservationist living on Koh Tao

Earth Day 2018

Another successful community event, where tons of trash was removed from our seas and lands. An event that has been happening globally for over forty years, and here on Koh Tao we celebrated with the help of hundreds of volunteers.

 That helped to not only remove the unwanted trash from our sea and land, but also helped to categorize the trash. So we could gather a better understanding of what had been so easily discarded on to our beautiful planet Earth.

Using PADI’s Project aware Dive against debris format we were able to add our efforts to a global effort to create awareness about the amount of single use plastics we have entering our oceans every day. Items that cannot be recycled could massive problems for the survival of our oceans and the animals that live with it.

So once again that our awesome volunteers from all over the island for helping us on Earth day, and we look forward to next year.  

Who is Green Fins and why are we in Big Blue Conservation one of their top members

Protecting the oceans with Green Fins.

Initiated in 2004 by the East Asian Seas Regional Coordinating Unit and supported by UNEP, the Green Fins project encourages dive and resort operators as well as divers themselves, to adopt Eco-friendly practices during their exploration of coral reefs. They do this through a network of mutual support from many dive operators, so that such conduct can be of benefit to both operators and environment through enhancing the tourist’s marine experience in the long run.

The contribution of the Green Fins is tangible. Aside from social and scientific monitoring of coral reef health and tourist and dive operators behaviour, their standards can be felt on the dive tourist in Asia, where our diving school Big Blue Diving can be seen running through the Green Fins recommendations before taking our guest out for the plunge of a dive.

Green fins

Green Fins is currently active in Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines and Thailand where diving tourism has grown around the rich, unique, diverse and dynamic coral reefs of the world. In the region, Green Fins in Thailand and Philippines has progressed greatly since its launch in 2004 and there are currently over 100 members. The Green Fins Association in The Philippines, a non-governmental organization, has taken the lead to introduce and implement Green Fins along with a number of marine conservation awareness raising activities in local communities and schools.

Big Blue Conservation has been members for over 6 years, we see the change in behaviour and interest from our divers and staff who like to take an active part in protecting the underwater world.

bb green fins pic

This is done different ways: education of our staff, listen to our active dive briefings, participating in clean ups, making new moorings for the boats to prevent throwing anchors on the reef, monitoring the reefs for bleaching & for new growth of corals, we are also doing fish / marine life count during the year. If you want more information or support please contact green fins direct on: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


So we were so happy to be awarded 3rd in the top ten Eco Friendly schools in the world.




And so you are welcome to come and dive with Big Blue Diving, be an active partner together with us, learn more about how we can all help the environment and still enjoy the UW world.

Here at Big Blue Conservation we will run free courses about Green Fins, and other conservation organisations, showing people how they can help and protect our amazing seas.

Become part of the solution………………………………


More information about Green Fins:

Green Fins is a project in South East Asia encouraging scuba diving operators to adhere to a Code of Conduct with an overall aim to reduce negative impacts to the marine environment. The Code of Conduct is a list of 15 rules designed to tackle the most common and detrimental effects SCUBA diving activities have on the habitat in which they operate.
Mission statement
The mission statement of Green Fins is:
“To protect and conserve coral reefs by establishing and implementing environmentally friendly guidelines to promote a sustainable diving tourism industry.”
Green Fins was established in 2004 as a project by the United Nations Environmental Programs (UNEP) and was implemented by the Secretariat of the Coordinating Body on the Seas of East Asia (COBSEA). The project was initiated and coordinated by COBSEA’s secretariat as part of the effort to increase public awareness with an overall aim to better management practices that will contribute to the conservation of coral reefs (and other associated marine ecosystems such as sea grass beds and mangroves) and reduce the current unsustainable tourism practices.
Currently there are four active member countries of the Green Fins project. Thailand and the Philippines started in 2004, Indonesia in 2007 and Malaysia in 2008. Each individual country is autonomous, running their projects aims and objectives to fulfil the mission statement. This is done under the supervision of the Network Leader with the Network Leader Assistant as a supporting role. The position of the Network Leader is usually fulfilled by government staffs who work under a relevant department overseeing the protection and control of either marine habitats or tourism.

Email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Website http://www.greenfins.net

New Year Revolutions

Over the past year many things have been accomplished and achievements have been made both locally and globally for conservation.

More people actively getting involved with survey work, joining in with beach and underwater clean ups, and the global awareness of plastic pollution.

So for the preservation of our beautiful planet it has been a year of change, however as with every New Year we look to the future and the newer achievements that can be made.Beach clean 500x244

So as for the title of this piece, Big Blue Conservation looks forward to a prospective future. Excelling on the great work done over the past year by our fantastic volunteers.

Removing tons of trash from our beaches and dive sites, helping out with a blossoming coral nursery, and working on materials that can educate others.

So we thank all our volunteers from 2017, and our resolution is to repeat and excel for the future of Koh Tao.


Sorry for the delay, but here is a round-up of what happened and the success of that amazing day.

Well we had an awesome opening ceremony with help from some of the islands officials and started the day off with a gourmet breakfast.

Whilst this was happening we had people queuing to join us for the swim and the raffle ticket and T-shirt counter was constantly busy.

We closed the swimming registration at 12 am with a total of 53 people that would be swimming round Koh Nanyuang for Sharks.SWIM 4 SHARKS 2017 2 500X281

Then at 2 pm the competitive swimmers set of with the winner completing the race in well under an hour, then the leisure snorkelers set of at 2:30 pm and enjoyed a relaxed swim around 3 famous islands.

We then got back to the island for 4 pm, and then at 5:30 pm we enjoyed a Shark presentation from Shark Guardian, and SSI Shark Ecology diver.

Of which SSI kindly donated the certification of Shark ecology diver to anyone that participated in the morning and afternoon activities.

After the presentation we then proceeded to party the night away, with help of our local Diza beach bar. We had a live a DJ, BBQ, head shaving, Raffle prizes, and even Shark tattoo.   The night finished at around midnight, and from some of the pictures you can see it was enjoyed by many.

Well we did all of this for Sharks. They play such an important part in ecosystems, of the oceans. We cannot afford to see them suufer and ultimately disappear. So with the help of all our sponsors, volunteers, and general public I am happy to inform you that we raised a whopping 155,000 Thai Baht. That will be split between the two charities.SWIM 4 SHARKS 2017 3 500X281

Sea Shepherd Australia, who will put this money towards protecting the sharks living within the oceans, and then Shark Guardian. Who will travel around Thailand and other Asian countries, visiting schools and businesses helping people to understand the importance of sharks and why the protection of them is so important. So a huge thank you to everyone involved.